Our tour guide will accompany you to visit the Sultan Hassan mosque one of the best mosques and madrasa in the historical centre of Cairo, near the Citadel. This mosque combines strength and splendor, elegance and beauty, with a very varied decoration. One of its most notable elements is the main façade, the northern one, 145 m long and 38 m high. It is decorated in stone and marble, and at the top it has a magnificent cornice which consists of nine rows of honeycomb (named Muqarnas in the Islamic Art). It was ordered by Sultan Hasan; its construction began in 1336. The mosque has an open courtyard, with a standard cross-shaped plan, and four vaulted iwanes. Each iwan is dedicated to one of the four schools, behind each iwan is a school ( madrasa), each of them has its own courtyard and four floors of cells for students and teachers. In the center of the courtyard is a fountain of ablutions used before each sentence.
Then we will enter the Al Rifai Mosque, it is located in front of the Sultan Hassan Madrasa mosque, it was built in two phases during the period between 1869 and 1912, and was architecturally conceived as a complement to the oldest structure. This new mosque was part of a major campaign by 19th century Egypt's rulers to associate with the perceived glory of earlier periods in Egypt's Islamic history and modernize the city. The mosque was built next to two large public squares and out of several European-style boulevards built at the same time. Many famous people were buried in the mosque such as, Mohamed Reda Pahlavi, '' the Shah of Persian '', some royal family of Egypt, and King Farouk the last king of the monarchy of Egypt.
We will continue the tour visiting Al Muizz street one of the oldest streets of the city of Cairo from the gate of Bab Zuleika, it is an imposing example of Fatimi architecture, Then we will go to Sabil Kuttab to see it, we will continue to the school of El Ashraf Brisbay, then towards the Qalaun complex, school, mausoleum and hospital. Stop at the Textile Museum, where we will see a collection of old fabric exhibitions. Visit the Hammam, men's and women's bathroom. Another Visit to Bayt Suhaymi, Hakim Mosque, and we finish the visit with the arrival at Bab El Nasr gate in the south.
After that you get lunch in a local restaurant and go back to the hotel.
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