After early breakfast at the hotel, our guide of Nile Dream tours will accompany you to visit the following sites;
The Meidum pyramid lies about 100 km south of Cairo. Started by king Huni who had laid the foundations at the end of Dynasty III – and finished by Snefru, Huni’s son and successor and the first king of Dynasty IV, 2700 bc. It was constructed in steps in the manner of the old-style step pyramids, and then filled with a better quality of stone to create a smooth surface, and it is believed that it was built in three phases of construction. Phase I consisted of the building of a seven stepped structure, which was then enlarged and covered in phase II and filled in with its final casing in phase III, Therefore it is considered the first ‘true’ pyramid and the transition point between the early step pyramids and the complete pyramids at Giza. The pyramid is entered from the north face, 18.5 m above the ground, now a staircase leads to the entrance hole, and a low passage slopes from the entrance down to the bedrock beneath the base of the structure. Then a short horizontal passage with a small antechamber and a niche on the right-hand side leads to a vertical shaft and the burial chamber at the original ground level. There you can see the high corbelled walls, where there are still traces of an ancient wooden beam, was used to facilitate lifting the sarcophagus.
EL- Lahun and Hawara about 40 km. from Meidum
During the middle kingdom the province of el-Faiyum flourished when the fertile area around Qarun lake converted into a leisure place where kings and nobles of the dynasty XII, Senwosret II and Amenemhet III were fishing, hunting and also chose it for their eternal life constructing their pyramids, Senwosret II’s pyramid complex is situated at El-Lahun and Amenemhet III’s complex is at Hawara
Named, ‘Senwosret shines 'where king Senwosret II built his pyramid on a standing outcrop of rock and is built of mud brick to be the first large mud brick pyramid that was once covered by a white limestone casing. The entrance is on the south side to confuse the tomb robbers, the burial chamber is covered with red granite slabs, and a red granite sarcophagus of Senwosret II was found with an inscribed alabaster offering table bearing the king’s cartouches. within the enclosure wall are several tombs belonging to members of the royal family, in one of these William Petrie found a spectacular hoard of middle kingdom jewelers and cosmetic vessels. It is one of the finest jewelers discovered in Egypt belonging to Sit Hathor, one of the royal princesses, part in the Egyptian Museum and part in the Metropolitan Museum
Amenemhet III, construct this pyramid near the place of his grandfather’s pyramid at El-Lahun. He had previously built a pyramid at Dahshur, but due to architectural mistake, He decided to build this pyramid at Hawara, it is 58 m high,100 m² and slope of 48 degrees. There is a fantastic view of Faiyum from the top of the pyramid. The entrance is on the south side with a stairway and corridor descending into the substructure and was intended to mislead the tomb robbers with false burial shafts before finally coming to the burial chamber at a higher level to the west of the pyramid’s center. Within the enclosure, was excavated a unique mortuary temple covering an area of 25000 m², that was described by Herodotus as the labyrinth. To the north of the pyramid complex, Petrie found the famous Faiyum portraits, painted in wax encaustic on flat boards and dating to the Roman Period painted during life and attached to the coffin after death, they are among the earliest portraits' known now can be seen in the Cairo Museum
After the tour you go back to your hotel in Cairo
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