After breakfast, you will be accompanied by your professional tour guide in an air-conditioned vehicle to the necropolis of Saqqara to visit
The Mastaba of Meriroka 2340 B.C. is the largest of the Old Kingdom tombs and reflects his position during the reign of Teti in Dynasty VI. His titles are, Inspector of Priests ‘Chief Justice and Vizier,’, ‘Scribe of the Divine Books'. Also, he was the husband of the King’s eldest daughter, the tomb, was excavated in 1892 by Jack de Morgan, is famous for its fine reliefs of many aspects of daily life and customs of the Old Kingdom.
The Mastaba of kagmni 2340B.C. who was Chief Justice and Vizier, Overseer of the Pyramid town of Teti, Overseer of the Priests of Teti’ and was married to a daughter of King Teti, discovered by Karl Lipsius in 1843, The tomb is famous for its beautiful depictions of birds and animals.
The funerary complex of king Tity 2340 B.C. It is the second known pyramid containing pyramid texts, it was opened by Gaston Maspero in 1882 the burial chambers and corridors are very well-preserved.
The step pyramid complex of king Zoser 2700 B.C. This is one of the places where the challenging experiment of copying natural materials in stone is most evident. It is the first stone pyramid, built for a king of Dynasty III The pyramid structure rises above the plateau in a series of six stepped ‘mastabas" and was built in several stages, beginning with an initial square mastaba and that its plan was changed several times during construction and finally was surrounded by a complex of dummy buildings enclosed within a niche limestone wall over 10 m high. The burial chamber has been closed for restoration for decades but recently was opened
The funerary complex of king Unas 2600 B.C. from the V dynasty the inscriptions, known as the Pyramid Texts, were carved for the first time on the walls of its burial chamber. These Texts are the oldest large corpus of religious writing known from Ancient Egypt. A total of 283 such spells, appear in Unas's pyramid. The spells are the smallest and best-preserved collection of Pyramid Texts known from the Old Kingdom.
The Mastaba of the two brothers 2500 B.C., Overseer of Manicurists of the Great House It dates to mid-Dynasty V, the reign of Niuserre discovered by Ahmed Moussa in 1964, is one of the most beautifully decorated tombs in the Saqqara necropolis. ’ and is unique in its depictions of the two men appearing together throughout the tomb in intimate embrace. Much has been made of these scenes and the relationship between the owners is still unclear.
The Mastaba of Mihu 2340 B.C, from the Dynasty VI, during the reign of Pepy I, and it is considered one of the most colorful and exquisite reliefs of the whole necropolis. Discovered 1940 and has been closed nearly since its discovery but now is opened decorated with scenes of trapping birds with nets, mending the nets and preparing food for the birds, hunting and fishing scenes.
The Mastaba of the butchers 2600B.C. belongs to Irukaptah ‘Master Butcher of the Great House, considered a unique tomb containing fourteen status, the statues are painted – the colors still brightly preserved, with red-brown skin and yellow kilts it was named so because of the famous butchering scenes.
The cemetery of the Apis bulls called Serapeum 700 BC discovered by. Auguste Mariette 1851 consisted of a long gallery containing a large side-chambers containing 20 huge granite sarcophagi, each weighing between 60 and 80 tones from Dynasty XXVI to the Ptolemaic Period. Except one sarcophagus, all the sarcophagi found in this gallery had been robbed in antiquity and were found empty.
The museum of Imhotep opened at Saqqara 2006, named after Imhotep who is credited as the great architect of the Step Pyramid spacious and with many well-lit objects beautifully displayed. In the entrance, there is a library dedicated to the Egyptologist Jean-Philippe Lauer, who worked at Saqqara for much of his life, restoring many of the monuments we see there today was considered a vivid image of archaeology.
Lunch in a local restaurant and then you continue the visit to the group of pyramids at Dahshour where you can visit the Red Pyramid 2700B aC. of king Senfru dynasty IV, called so, due to the color of limestone used in constructing the pyramid’s core, its casing of white limestone is now completely missing It is 220 length and 104 Hight The entrance is on the northern side of the pyramid leads to three chambers the second chamber coincides with the vertical axis of the structure.about4 km to the south is the Bent Pyramid recently opened for visitors and popularly called the Devil's Mouth since it is very difficult to reach its burial chamber
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* Egyptian Museum/ Mohamed Ali Mosque/ Coptic Cairo/ khan el Khalili